Juneteenth


Juneteenth is a U.S. Federal holiday to commemorate the emancipation of African Americans from enslavement.[1] This day has been celebrated on June 19, in differing parts of the United States since the year 1866, with its origin on Galveston, Texas:[2]

““The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.”General Orders, Number 3; Headquarters District of Texas, Galveston, June 19, 1865” [3]


[1] “Juneteenth,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juneteenth : accessed 19 June 2021), para. 1.

[2] “Juneteenth,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juneteenth : accessed 19 June 2021), para. 1.

[3] Henry Louis Gates, Jr., “What is Juneteenth?” PBS (https://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/what-is-juneteenth/ : accessed 19 June 2021), para. 1; cited from, The Root.

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